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vroot.h

/*
 * Article 12523 of comp.windows.x:
 * From: stolcke@ICSI.Berkeley.EDU (Andreas Stolcke)
 * Subject: Converting programs to virtual root
 * Date: 8 Sep 90 02:26:14 GMT
 * 
 * Andreas Stolcke
 * International Computer Science Institute     stolcke@icsi.Berkeley.EDU
 * 1957 Center St., Suite 600, Berkeley, CA 94704     (415) 642-4274 ext. 126
 * 
 * vroot.h -- Virtual Root Window handling header file
 *
 * This header file redefines the X11 macros RootWindow and DefaultRootWindow,
 * making them look for a virtual root window as provided by certain `virtual'
 * window managers like swm and tvtwm. If none is found, the ordinary root
 * window is returned, thus retaining backward compatibility with standard
 * window managers.
 * The function implementing the virtual root lookup remembers the result of
 * its last invocation to avoid overhead in the case of repeated calls
 * on the same display and screen arguments. 
 * The lookup code itself is taken from Tom LaStrange's ssetroot program.
 *
 * Most simple root window changing X programs can be converted to using
 * virtual roots by just including
 *
 * #include "vroot.h"
 *
 * after all the X11 header files.  It has been tested on such popular
 * X clients as xphoon, xfroot, xloadimage, and xaqua.
 *
 * Andreas Stolcke <stolcke@ICSI.Berkeley.EDU>, 9/7/90
 * - replaced all NULL's with properly cast 0's, 5/6/91
 * - free children list (suggested by Mark Martin <mmm@cetia.fr>), 5/16/91
 */
#define DONTOPTIMISE    /* unclutter needs to search from scratch each time */

#include <X11/X.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>

static Window
VirtualRootWindow(dpy, screen)
Display *dpy;
{
      static Display *save_dpy = (Display *)0;
      static int save_screen = -1;
      static Window root = (Window)0;

#ifdef DONTOPTIMISE
      {
#else
      if (dpy != save_dpy || screen != save_screen) {
#endif
            Atom __SWM_VROOT = None;
            int i;
            Window rootReturn, parentReturn, *children;
            unsigned int numChildren;

            root = RootWindow(dpy, screen);

            /* go look for a virtual root */
            __SWM_VROOT = XInternAtom(dpy, "__SWM_VROOT", False);
            if (XQueryTree(dpy, root, &rootReturn, &parentReturn,
                         &children, &numChildren)) {
                  for (i = 0; i < numChildren; i++) {
                        Atom actual_type;
                        int actual_format;
                        unsigned long nitems, bytesafter;
                        Window *newRoot = (Window *)0;

                        if (XGetWindowProperty(dpy, children[i],
                              __SWM_VROOT, 0, 1, False, XA_WINDOW,
                              &actual_type, &actual_format,
                              &nitems, &bytesafter,
                              (unsigned char **) &newRoot) == Success
                            && newRoot) {
                            root = *newRoot;
                            break;
                        }
                  }
                  if (children)
                        XFree((char *)children);
            }

            save_dpy = dpy;
            save_screen = screen;
      }

      return root;
}

#undef DefaultRootWindow
#define DefaultRootWindow(dpy) RootWindow(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy))

#undef RootWindow
#define RootWindow(dpy,screen) VirtualRootWindow(dpy,screen)

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